Within the scope of the analyzes made by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkiye, the data of our sector has been examined by our Association (TARMAKBİR) and the analyzes made in comparison with the general machinery sector are presented below.
As of 2020, out of 870 companies evaluated by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in the agricultural machinery manufacturing sector, 147 are joint stock companies and 721 are limited liability companies, 527 of which are micro, 265 are small, 63 are medium and 15 are large companies. It is seen that 7,956 of the 12,615 companies examined in the total machinery sector in the same period are micro, 3,594 are small, 906 are medium and 159 are large companies. Accordingly, it can be accepted that the scales of the firms are largely equivalent.
In the agricultural machinery manufacturing sector, where the total number of employees is evaluated as 20,284, 1,325 people are employed in micro, 5,182 small, 6,214 medium and 7,563 large-scale companies. From another point of view, micro-scale companies that make up 60 percent of the sector can only represent 6.5 percent of employment. On the other hand, the share of medium and large-scale companies, which make up only 9 percent of the sector, in employment is 68. In the same period, it is also seen that 1.325 people were employed in micro, 5.182 small, 6.214 medium and 7.563 large-scale companies in the total machinery sector and it is understood that the employment rates are largely similar too.
Net sales of the agricultural machinery manufacturing sector as of 2020 is 19.305.289.000 TL. While the share of large-scale companies representing 1.7 percent of the sector in net sales is 62.3 percent, micro companies can only get a share of 2 percent from net sales.
As of the end of 2020, the total cash loan of the sector is 6.12 billion TL, of which 67 percent is long-term.
In this period, where 611 companies made profits, 237 companies announced losses. As of 2020, period profit was 1.84 billion TL and period loss was 735.8 million TL.
According to these data, it is observed that the agricultural machinery manufacturing sector has a share of 6.9 percent from the total machinery sector in terms of the number of companies, whereas its share in employment is 8.3, its share in net sales is 12.6 percent and its share in the net profit of the period is 7
The relatively high share of the sector in employment and net sales, on the other hand, lower net profit can be interpreted as producing less efficient and lower added value.
By M. Selami İleri
Secretary General of TARMAKBİR
(Turkish Association of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment Manufacturers)