On January 27, 2022, the Turkish government published a new regulation delegating specific authority
for the decision to implement export bans on a list of agricultural commodities during 2022 to the
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MinAF). Although MinAF has not yet instituted any export bans
for these 20 products, this authorization allows MinAF to move quickly to ban exports of these products
in response to food inflation and supply shortages that may occur in Turkiye.
On January 27, 2022, the Turkish government published a regulation (2022/1) on the export of some agricultural products. According to the regulation, the Turkish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
(MinAF) has been granted the authority by the Ministry of Trade to regulate the export of twenty (20) agricultural products, based on seasonal production, banning exports of specific products within
designated time periods throughout the year to decrease domestic food inflation. According to Article 3(c) of the regulation, MinAF is authorized to permit, register, or restrict the export of all or certain quantities of the following agricultural products: potatoes, tomatoes, onions, garlic, apples, cucumbers, beans, olives, eggplants, green peppers, lentils, oranges, tangerines, lemons, watermelons, olive oil, poultry meat, eggs, and butter.
The regulation is valid from the date of publication through December 31, 2022…
The products included in the regulation are currently the food products that have experienced the highest levels of price inflation, by consumer price basis. In 2019 and 2020, the Turkish government previously applied restrictions and bans on the export of some agricultural products including onions, potatoes, and lemons. The sector believes this regulation may be a useful solution in the short term to decrease food inflation within the domestic market, however the export restrictions will be harmful for the sector in the middle and long term, resulting in a loss of export markets.
These export markets, including Russia, the EU, Iraq, and Ukraine are crucial to the sustainability of domestic agricultural production and income. Although MinAF has not yet instituted any export bans for these 20 products, this authorization allows MinAF to move quickly to ban exports of these products in response to food inflation and supply shortages that may occur in Turkiye.