Turkey is the largest flour exporter in the world and the second-largest pasta exporter. The country exported 1.25 million tonnes of pasta last year and this year the figure is expected to reach over 1.3 million tonnes.
Turkish flour exporters meet 85 percent of the wheat demand from Russia. The Turkish flour industry capacity utilization rate is around 50 percent, while the total capacity is 32 million tonnes annually.
Last year, Turkey’s flour exports rose to 1.05 billion from 1 billion dollars in the previous year on the value-basis, while exports dropped by around 50,000 tonnes to 3.3 million tonnes on the quantity-basis.
Turkey’s durum wheat – for pasta production – surpasses world standards while its prices are below global prices. The durum wheat cultivation area in Turkey has been growing every year, with durum wheat production expected to reach 3.75 million tonnes this year, up by 500,000 from 2019.
Bread wheat, however, faces problems and production has been falling, according to the Turkish Flour Industrialists’ Federation (TUSAF).
Turkey’s wheat cultivation areas dropped to 6.7 million hectares from 7.3 million from two years ago.
In 2019, Turkey imported 8.8 million tonnes of wheat, of which 80-85 percent were used for exports to generate over 600 million dollars.