Any Concrete Progress in Climate Change Meetings? Disappointment Again!

The impact of global climate change, which has been increasing since the industrial revolution of our world, mostly due to the use of energy-based fossil fuels by human beings, has been felt more in the last 60 years. Since 1988, Rio de Jenerio Paris, Kyoto, Glasgow, Sharm El-Sheikh and Dubai meetings have always emphasised the targets to reduce methane gas emissions into the atmosphere, but they have always been disappointing because no concrete measures have been taken.

Since most of the countries focused on their own economic interests, collective decisions could not be taken in the fight against climate change. It is stated that the Glasgow Summit was insufficient and that there are reservations about limiting fossil fuels. It is emphasised that energy wars between the big powers are at the forefront, the use of fossil fuels continues and there is no effective strategy to solve the problem. It is underlined that the efforts of developed countries are not sufficient and a global approach is required and it is stated that no hope can be created for climate change.

Dubai COP28 drew attention to the continued use of fossil fuels and emphasised the gradual transition to fair and equitable energy sources. Important decisions taken at COP28 in Dubai include the development of emission-free technologies, ramping up renewable energy capacity, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the 1.5 degree target. Despite concerns about the impact of fossil fuels on climate change, a complete ban was not imposed.

Key decisions included focusing on the transformation of food systems, increasing renewable energy capacity and reducing global greenhouse gas emissions by 43% by 2030. The declaration emphasised the importance of adapting to the impacts of climate change on food security, agriculture and water resources. Although the Glasgow and Dubai summits did not fully fulfil expectations, they underlined the urgency of finding solutions to climate change for the prosperity of the world. However, the outcome was again left for next spring.

Since developed countries, oil, natural gas and coal producing countries do not favour the solution of limiting the use of fossil fuels by stating that their income will decrease, no concrete decision can be taken to limit global warming. The health, sustainability and food security of the world are increasingly at risk. If measures are not taken in a short time, we will face serious life-threatening problems that cannot be reversed.

By Professor Dr. İbrahim Ortaş, Lecturer, Faculty of Agriculture, Çukurova University, Türkiye

(This is an abstract of the article written by Dr. İbrahim Ortaş)

About İsmail Uğural

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